Title And Subtitle Format Mla Bibliography

Cite in MLA automatically using EasyBib’s citation generator.


 

 

Remember that MLA 8 standardizes the formatting, making it easier to cite your sources.  The following is a guide to citing different types of title using MLA 8.

 

How to Cite Book Titles in MLA 8

When citing book titles using the MLA 8 format, always enter the full title, in italics, followed by a period.  

 

The citation format is as follows:

Last Name, First Name. Italicized Title. Publisher, Publication Year.

 

The full citation might look like this:

Sparks, Nicholas. The Notebook. Warner Books, 1996.

 

If there is a subtitle, place it after the title, using a colon to separate them.  The subtitle should also be in italics.

 

The citation format is as follows:

Last Name, First Name. Italicized Title: SubTitle. Publisher,

Publication Year.

 

The full citation might look like this:

Weiland, K.M. Structuring Your Novel: Essential Keys for Writing an

Outstanding Story. PenForA Sword, 2013.

 

If the source is part of a larger work, such as an essay, chapter, short story, or poem, place the title in quotation marks, making sure to put a period at the end of the title. Follow it with the title of the larger work, in italics, with a comma at the end.  

 

The citation format is as follows:

Last Name, First Name. “Title.: Italicized Larger Work Title, Editor first 

and last name, Publisher, Publication Year, Page Numbers.

 

The full citation might look like this:

Langer, A.J. “Lessons in Friendships.” Chicken Soup for the Teenage Soul:

101 Stories of Life, Love and Learning, edited by Jack Canfield, et al.,

Simon & Schuster, 1997, pp. 56-62.

 

How to Cite Periodical Titles in MLA 8

When citing periodicals in MLA 8, place the title of the article in quotes, with a period at the end of  the title.  The italicised title of the periodical follows, along with a comma.

 

The citation format is as follows:

Last Name, First Name. “Title of the Article.” Periodical Title.”

Publication Year, Page Numbers.

 

The full citation might look like this:

Barack, Lauren. “Y is for Yoga: Libraries Embrace the Practice to

Ease Stress and Promote Literacy.” The School Library Journal,

January 2015, pp. 23-28.

 

How to Cite Television Shows in MLA 8:

If you’re citing a television show, place the title of the episode first, followed with a period.  The title of the series follows in italics, along with a comma.

 

The citation format is as follows:

“Title of the Episode.” Title of the Series, Author of the show,

Season Number, Episode Number, Network, Air Date.

 

The full citation might look like this:

“Dunder, Mifflin, Infinity.”  The Office, written by Michael Schur,

season 4, episode 3, NBC, 2007.

 

How to Cite Websites in MLA 8:

These days much of our information comes from digital resources, such as websites.  When citing websites, place the title of the article in quotation marks, with a period at the end of the title.  Follow with the name of the website in italics, followed by a comma, and ending with the website URL.  

 

The citation format is as follows:

“Title of the Article.” Name of the Website. URL.

 

The full citation might look like this:

“What are Annotated Bibliographies?.” Easybib, easybib.com.

 

How to Cite Songs in MLA 8:

If you need to cite a song, place the title of the song in quotation marks, with a period at the end of the title.  Follow with the title of the album in italics, with a comma at the end.

 

The citation format is as follows:

Last Name, First Name. “Song Title.” Album Title, Record Company, Release Year.

 

The full citation might look like this:

Sinatra, Frank. “Summer Wind..” Strangers in the Night, Reprise, 1966.

 

How to Cite Untitled Works in MLA 8:

If a source doesn’t have a title, include the creator of the source and a brief description. Do not italicize or place this information in quotation marks.

 

The citation format is as follows:

Last Name, First Name. Title of the work. Year, Location of the Work, City, State.

 

The full citation might look like this:

Johnson, Sarah. Painting of a Horse. 1984, PS 86, Bronx, NY.

 

How to Cite Email Messages in MLA 8:

When citing email messages in MLA 8, the subject of the email is the title. Place the title in quotation marks, with a period at the end of the subject.

 

The citation format is as follows:

Sender Last Name, Sender First Name. “Subject of the Email.” Receiver First Name and Last Name, Date Sent.

 

The full citation might look like this:

Morgan, Michael. “Re: Meeting this afternoon.” Received by Michele Kirschenbaum, 18 April, 2016.

 


 

MLA General Format

Summary:

MLA (Modern Language Association) style is most commonly used to write papers and cite sources within the liberal arts and humanities. This resource, updated to reflect the MLA Handbook (8th ed.), offers examples for the general format of MLA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the Works Cited page.

Contributors: Tony Russell, Allen Brizee, Elizabeth Angeli, Russell Keck, Joshua M. Paiz, Michelle Campbell, Rodrigo Rodríguez-Fuentes, Daniel P. Kenzie, Susan Wegener, Maryam Ghafoor, Purdue OWL Staff
Last Edited: 2016-08-11 04:27:59

MLA style specifies guidelines for formatting manuscripts and using the English language in writing. MLA style also provides writers with a system for referencing their sources through parenthetical citation in their essays and Works Cited pages.

Writers who properly use MLA also build their credibility by demonstrating accountability to their source material. Most importantly, the use of MLA style can protect writers from accusations of plagiarism, which is the purposeful or accidental uncredited use of source material by other writers.

If you are asked to use MLA format, be sure to consult the MLA Handbook (8th edition). Publishing scholars and graduate students should also consult the MLA Style Manual and Guide to Scholarly Publishing (3rd edition). The MLA Handbook is available in most writing centers and reference libraries; it is also widely available in bookstores, libraries, and at the MLA web site. See the Additional Resources section of this handout for a list of helpful books and sites about using MLA style.

Paper Format

The preparation of papers and manuscripts in MLA style is covered in chapter four of the MLA Handbook, and chapter four of the MLA Style Manual. Below are some basic guidelines for formatting a paper in MLA style.

General Guidelines

  • Type your paper on a computer and print it out on standard, white 8.5 x 11-inch paper.
  • Double-space the text of your paper, and use a legible font (e.g. Times New Roman). Whatever font you choose, MLA recommends that the regular and italics type styles contrast enough that they are recognizable one from another. The font size should be 12 pt.
  • Leave only one space after periods or other punctuation marks (unless otherwise instructed by your instructor).
  • Set the margins of your document to 1 inch on all sides.
  • Indent the first line of paragraphs one half-inch from the left margin. MLA recommends that you use the Tab key as opposed to pushing the Space Bar five times.
  • Create a header that numbers all pages consecutively in the upper right-hand corner, one-half inch from the top and flush with the right margin. (Note: Your instructor may ask that you omit the number on your first page. Always follow your instructor's guidelines.)
  • Use italics throughout your essay for the titles of longer works and, only when absolutely necessary, providing emphasis.
  • If you have any endnotes, include them on a separate page before your Works Cited page. Entitle the section Notes (centered, unformatted).

Formatting the First Page of Your Paper

  • Do not make a title page for your paper unless specifically requested.
  • In the upper left-hand corner of the first page, list your name, your instructor's name, the course, and the date. Again, be sure to use double-spaced text.
  • Double space again and center the title. Do not underline, italicize, or place your title in quotation marks; write the title in Title Case (standard capitalization), not in all capital letters.
  • Use quotation marks and/or italics when referring to other works in your title, just as you would in your text: Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas as Morality Play; Human Weariness in "After Apple Picking"
  • Double space between the title and the first line of the text.
  • Create a header in the upper right-hand corner that includes your last name, followed by a space with a page number; number all pages consecutively with Arabic numerals (1, 2, 3, 4, etc.), one-half inch from the top and flush with the right margin. (Note: Your instructor or other readers may ask that you omit last name/page number header on your first page. Always follow instructor guidelines.)

Here is a sample of the first page of a paper in MLA style:

Image Caption: The First Page of an MLA Paper

Section Headings

Writers sometimes use Section Headings to improve a document’s readability. These sections may include individual chapters or other named parts of a book or essay.

Essays

MLA recommends that when you divide an essay into sections that you number those sections with an arabic number and a period followed by a space and the section name.

1. Early Writings

2. The London Years

3. Traveling the Continent

4. Final Years

Books

MLA does not have a prescribed system of headings for books (for more information on headings, please see page 146 in the MLA Style Manual and Guide to Scholarly Publishing, 3rd edition). If you are only using one level of headings, meaning that all of the sections are distinct and parallel and have no additional sections that fit within them, MLA recommends that these sections resemble one another grammatically. For instance, if your headings are typically short phrases, make all of the headings short phrases (and not, for example, full sentences). Otherwise, the formatting is up to you. It should, however, be consistent throughout the document.

If you employ multiple levels of headings (some of your sections have sections within sections), you may want to provide a key of your chosen level headings and their formatting to your instructor or editor.

Sample Section Headings

The following sample headings are meant to be used only as a reference. You may employ whatever system of formatting that works best for you so long as it remains consistent throughout the document.

Numbered:

1. Soil Conservation

1.1 Erosion

1.2 Terracing

2. Water Conservation

3. Energy Conservation

Formatted, unnumbered:

Level 1 Heading: bold, flush left

Level 2 Heading: italics, flush left

     Level 3 Heading: centered, bold

     Level 4 Heading: centered, italics

Level 5 Heading: underlined, flush left

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