Does Copying From the Internet Count as Plagiarism?
You may use books and Web sites to help you get information for your paper, but don't copy words from your sources into your paper unless you are clearly marking them as quotations and adding a footnote.
Even if you copy and paste and then change some of the words so that they don't look exactly like the original source, you have still taken another author's work away from him without giving him any credit for it. You have created something called a derivative work, which is a form of copying according to United States copyright law. Take a look at this article on plagiarism and copyright if you don't believe me.
Except for quotations, all of the words you write for your paper should be your own words. Anything else is plagiarism.
How Can Teachers Know If I Plagiarized?
Teachers can check for plagiarism using the tool at PlagiarismChecker.com. All they have to do is type in a couple of short phrases from your paper and hit the Search button. You should try this yourself to see how easy it is.
What If It Happened By Accident?
If your teacher finds part of your paper on PlagiarismChecker.com but you still want to say you didn't copy it, then try this: Calculate the probability that you would write exactly the same words as the author of a Web site.
Assume that the English language has a vocabulary of 1000 words, which is really much smaller than it should be. (Hey - I'm trying to give you the benefit of the doubt!) The probability that you didn't copy from the Internet is
- x = the number of words in the Web site that exactly match a phrase in your paper
- c = the number of phrases on the Internet that are the same number of words as the phrase you wrote (assume that c=1,000,000,000,000,000 or 1015)
The math will show you the probability that you would write exactly the same words that someone else did without copying. The chance is very small. For a ten-word sentence, the probability that you didn't plagiarize would be about 0.000000000001%.
What If It REALLY Was An Accident?
Maybe you wrote your own paper honestly, but some of the words show up on the Internet anyway. It really was an accident. How can you convince your teacher that you didn't copy?
You'll have to prepare in advance if you want to be ready. Save copies of all your research notes and rough drafts. Those notes can serve as evidence that you wrote your own paper. Above all, if you copy any words directly from a book or Web site into your notes, highlight those words or draw a box around them. This will keep you from accidentally putting someone else's words into your paper.
Once you show your teacher all of your notes, she may be impressed at how careful you were. She could be less likely to accuse you of plagiarism.
If you attended high school in the late nineties and early aughts, it's likely that you used the family computer in the den to type up your essays or do research. It's also likely that much of your time "doing research" was actually tooling around on AOL with an open Microsoft Word window so if your parents walked in you could smoothly play it off like you were truly doing work.
The more things change, the more they stay the same.
EssayTyper is a site that allows you to plug in virtually any subject, then brings you to a Word-style webpage where you can write your essay. But you don't have to "write" anything. Not technically. Just bang on the keyboard and words appear.
Go ahead, try it. I used "economics" then pressed that button on the right.
Immediately, a paper appears.
The title is prewritten: "Innovative or Simply Post-Modern?"
And then, some computer magic.
Just start banging on keys.
Bang on the home keys, bang on the number keys. Press enter! Press delete! What will they think of next?
And here's a look at what's happening on the screen:
It's very fun, but we wondered if students were actually trying to pass off these generated papers as their own.
See, the first sentences of "Truly Jobs" (all EssayTyper papers are pre-titled) reads as follows:
Steven Paul "Steve" Jobs was an American pioneer of the personal computer revolution of the 1970s. He would come to be known as the entreprenur, marketer, and inventor, and cofounder, chairman, and finally CEO of Apple Inc. who transformed "one industry after another, from computers and smartphones to music and movies.
And a quick search proved it was just a rewrite of Jobs' Wikipedia page. So was our EssayTyper paper on Business Insider, and "Mad Men."
In 2012, The Atlantic published "Write My Essay, Please!" uncovering the truth behind sites similar to EssayTyper and the people who use them.
"Essay writing has become a cottage industry premised on systematic flaunting of the most basic aims of higher education," Richard Gunderman explains in the Atlantic piece. "The very fact that such services exist reflects a deep and widespread misunderstanding of why colleges and universities ask students to write essays in the first place."
While EssayTyper is free, and pretty useful for fooling your parents into thinking you're actually sitting on the computer and doing legitimate work, Gunderman says the bevvy of sites out there that appoint real people to write term papers for students is alarming. And, he points out, paying someone to write an essay for you isn't technically plagiarism.
"In this case, assuming the essay-writing services are actually providing brand-new essays, no one else's work is being stolen without consent," Gunderman writes. "It is being purchased. Nevertheless, the work is being used without attribution, and the students are claiming credit for work they never did. In short, the students are cheating, not learning."
A quick Google search for "how to find out if student is plagiarizing" serves up tons of tips and tricks for exhausted teachers and parents. A site called PlagTracker lets you type in a phrase or sentence to run against the rest of the internet. I copied and pasted the first sentence of "my" Steve Jobs essay.
The process took about twenty seconds (and PlagTracker offered to speed it up if I paid.) Here were the results.
My content was "81% plagerized from 5 sources," but none of those sources were listed as Wikipedia.
Brooklyn Friends School teacher Kathleen Clinchy agrees that while technology has made it easier to cheat, it's now a lot harder to definitively catch a cheater. She says resorting to old-school interrogation is the way to go.
In an email to Business Insider, Clinchy tells us:
It gets a little tricky because you don't want to accuse a student of cheating, so being able to have a conversation with strategic questioning is a good skill to have as a teacher. In younger grades, like middle school, you can get the parent involved and just ask them to revise the work together (AKA make sure your child stops cheating), but high school is a little murkier.
You also need to watch for students copying or plagiarizing each other too — that's where you just give the kids their papers back together with highlighted similar sentences and just stare at them until they talk.
But Bay Gross, founder of EssayTyper, has made sure to caveat his service to take any potential blame off of himself and the site. "Please don't ever try to use this legitimately," he says on the site. "The magic part is not real ... and that's plagiarism."