Students writing essays on animal research can now celebrate. Understanding Animal Research, a UK not-for-profit which explains the role of animals in medical research, has produced a fantastic set of resources aimed at helping school and university students create well-referenced essays.
The resources provides an introduction to five animal research-related topics including “costs and benefits” and “ethics”, as well as a list of books and internet resources for more information. Each resource is briefly summarised, and then a Harvard reference is provided which students can put straight into their essay reference list. See below for a sample:
There are also a list of websites on both sides of the issue for students to check out. The sections are:
These resources are most helpful for students doing extended school projects (like the UK Extended Project Qualification [EPQ]) as well as university students who are required to write more detailed arguments.
Another good resource aimed at K12 uses animal testing as a example of the difference between a persuasive essay and an argumentative essay.
Speaking of Research aims to promote informative and useful resources on animal research. If you know of any don’t hesitate to email us.
Speaking of Research
It is estimated that each year 26 million animals in the United States are used for animal testing. Animals are used to test scientific developments and commercial products. New medical treatments are tested on animals to verify the toxicity of new medications or the safety of a product that will be used on humans. The health care and commercial industries also turn to animal testing for these reasons.
While some contest the use of animals for animal testing it is not a new idea. Research tests conducted on living animals have been practiced since 500 BC. Nonetheless there are those who argue that the use of animals for testing is an inhumane and cruel practice. They argue that alternative methods should be developed to prohibit the need for animal testing. Many organizations such as PETA fight for increased research into alternative methods of testing so that testing on animals can be alleviated. They also argue that tests on animals will yield irrelevant results compared to humans and therefore there is no purpose in animal testing.
Conversely the use of animals is seen by many in the medical field as necessary. While it is not ideal to cause harm to animals it is a safer way to test new products compared to testing them on humans. Typical research and development will begin trials on rats. If those tests prove successful then another set of tests are conducted on monkeys. Once the tests are successful with monkeys then human testing begins. These tiered rounds of testing are used to reduce the amount of mistakes and negative side effects in all breakthroughs. It is argued that animal testing saves many lives and there is no alternative to testing on a living organism. In addition there are strict regulations for animal testing which prevent any mistreatment of the animals in question.
Overall the use of animals for research testing is an old concept and one that has historically been debated. Proponents claim that with regulations in place the animals are not intentionally harmed and that they are taken care of and treated as well as possible. They claim that there is no alternative and that the use of animal testing has saved many lives. And yet there are animal friendly organizations who claim that it is an unnecessary step to use animals for testing and it should be stopped due to its inhumane and cruel nature.