Essay on Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
The first prime minister of the India is Dr Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan and he was the second President of the India. He was one of the greatest people who carved his name in golden words in the books of history by their social works. He was a great philosopher. Here we are providing an essay which is describing the personality and their contribution towards the nation. This information will be good for the students and kids.
Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was an Indian philosopher and statesman. In Advaita Vedanta, his philosophy was grounded for reinterpreting this tradition for making understandability about it in people. He was awarded the highest civilian award which is Bharat Ratna and honorary membership award in 1963 of the British Royal Order of Merit. He believed that teachers should be best minds in the country because they having the power to change the nation as they teach good values to the young crowd of the nation. Since 1962, his birthday is celebrated as a Teachers’ Day on 5 September in the India.
Golden day aroused when Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was born on September 5, 1888, and the blessed place was Thiruttani in the India which is the erstwhile Madras Presidency near the border of Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu states. He was a member of a Telugu Brahmin family.
Sarvepalli Veeraswami was the name of his father and mother name was Sitamma. His childhood was spent in Thiruttani and Tirupati. His father was a landlord which is also called as local zamindar in Hindi who was subordinate revenue officer. He had done his primary education at K.V High School at Thiruttani. In 1896 he changes or shifted his school from K.V High School to Hermansburg Evangelical Lutheran Mission School which is the place in Walajapet.
Radhakrishnan was a clever student; he was awarded by many scholarships in his academic life. When he was in 17th age, He joined Voorhees College in Vellore and then changes the college to the Madras Christian College. In 1906 he completed his graduation in philosophy.
The thesis was “The Ethics of the Vedanta and its Metaphysical Presuppositions “which was written by Radhakrishnan for the M.A. degree. His thesis was published while he was thinking thesis will be offended by his philosophy professor.
Marriage and Family
As per tradition of the marriage was arranged by the family, Radhakrishnan was married to a girl whose name was Sivakamu which is a Distant cousin of him. He married in his 16th age. The family members are increased by the five daughters and a son, their kids. His son name was Sarvepalli Gopal which made the notable career as a historian. His life partner his wife Sivakamu died in1956. Their partnership of life expires after 51 years.
After the successful academic career, Radhakrishnan started his political career. He was nominated for the League of Nations Committee for Intellectual Cooperation. In 1952 he was elected as the first Vice-President of India and in the year of 1962 and 1967, he was the second President of India.
Radhakrishnan was not active in the struggle against British rule as well as he did not have a background in the Congress Party. He always supports Hindu culture against the Western culture and he was the pride of Indians.
Radhakrishnan and Ghanshyam Das Birla, some other social workers formed the charitable trust which name was Krishnarpan Charity Trust in the pre-independence time.
Some of his students, fellow and friends requested him to celebrate his birthday when he was the President of India. His birthday is on 5th September instead of celebrating his birthday the Teacher’s Day is celebrated in India according to his opinion.
This is celebrated by teachers and students; this makes the strong bond between the teachers and students. Students act like a teacher or students are a teacher on this day. Every 5th September is grateful for the teachers.
One of the most influential twentieth-century scholars was Radhakrishnan in the comparative religion and philosophy. He defences the Hindu tradition and culture that has been highly influential, in the India and western world. His ideas were superb which was contributed to the formation of India as a nation-state.
In 1938 Dr Radhakrishnan was elected Fellow of the British Academy. In 1954 he was awarded the Bharat Ratna award which is one of the highest civilisation awards in India. The order of Merit award is awarded him in the year of 1963. In 1961 he received the Peace Prize of the German Book Trade. In 1975 he was awarded by Templeton Prize just before few months of his death. This Templeton Prize he totally donated to the Oxford University. In 1989 the Oxford University instituted the Radhakrishnan Scholarships in his memory; these scholarships were later known as the “Radhakrishna Chevening Scholarships”.
In 1931 he was appointed a Knight Bachelor and he ceased to use the title “sir”. In 1938 British Academy elected him as a fellow. In 1954 he received an award for German “Order Pour le Merite for Arts and Science”. In the honour of Radhakrishnan’s we celebrated Teachers day in the remembrance of birthday of him which is on 5th September because his belief is that “teachers should be the best minds in the country”.\
In 1968, Sahitya Akademi fellowship the first person who is awarded for this award was Radhakrishnan which is the highest honour award by the Sahitya Akademi which is based on the literature of India. Radhakrishnan was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for eleven times which is the one of the greatest award given for the honour of social work and he was nominated fifteen times for the Nobel Prize in literature.
This great person died on 17 April in the year 1975 at the age of 86 in the Chennai which in Tamil Nadu, India.
Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, (born Sept. 5, 1888, Tiruttani, India—died April 16, 1975, Madras [now Chennai]), scholar and statesman who was president of India from 1962 to 1967. He served as professor of philosophy at Mysore (1918–21) and Calcutta (1921–31; 1937–41) universities and as vice chancellor of Andhra University (1931–36). He was professor of Eastern religions and ethics at the University of Oxford in England (1936–52) and vice chancellor of Benares Hindu University (1939–48) in India. From 1953 to 1962 he was chancellor of the University of Delhi.
Radhakrishnan led the Indian delegation to the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO; 1946–52) and was elected chairman of UNESCO’s executive board (1948–49). From 1949 to 1952 he served as Indian ambassador to the Soviet Union. On his return to India in 1952 he was elected vice president, and on May 11, 1962, he was elected president, succeeding Rajendra Prasad, who was the first president of independent India. Radhakrishnan retired from politics five years later.
Radhakrishnan’s written works include Indian Philosophy, 2 vol. (1923–27), The Philosophy of the Upanishads (1924), An Idealist View of Life (1932), Eastern Religions and Western Thought (1939), and East and West: Some Reflections (1955). In his lectures and books he tried to interpret Indian thought for Westerners.